If fungi or bacteria have been detected in the ear, the cat needs to undergo treatment with ear drops. It is important to follow the veterinarian’s advice on how long the treatment should last, and not to interrupt prematurely even if the cat has stopped scratching.
The ears should be examined by a veterinarian before the end of the treatment, so that you can make sure that there are no bacteria or fungi left in the ears. If the treatment time is too short, there is a risk that the inflammation will flare up again and in the worst case, the cat may suffer from resistant bacteria in the ear.
Regardless of the type of infection or inflammation, it is important that the ear is kept clean with the help of ear cleaners. The veterinarian assesses how often the ear cleaning should be done. Ear cleaning and treatment with ear drops should take place at different times, among other things so that the ear drops are not rinsed off in connection with the cleaning.
Mild discomfort, such as the cat shaking its head, is normal with ear cleaning and the use of ear drops. If the cat shows signs of severe discomfort during treatment, it should be examined by a veterinarian.
In the beginning, a collar may be needed, so that the cat does not itch a lot with its paws against the ears, thereby causing sores in and around the ears.
Store ear drops at room temperature and never use old antibiotics! These have a bad effect and can lead to the development of resistance in the bacteria. For environmental reasons, leftover medicine should not be thrown in the rubbish. Drug residues can be left to the pharmacy or veterinarian for proper disposal.
If your cat has been anesthetized in connection with the examination, it may be a little unsteady on its legs afterwards. Make sure it is warm and comfortable, and do not feed until the animal is fully awake.
With the help of ear cleaning, you can reduce the risk of a new ear infection. It is wise to clean the animal’s ears regularly, especially if there is a lot of earwax. Carefully fold back the earlobe and look down into the ear. It should look clean and not smell. Fungal infections sometimes smell like a leavening dough, while bacterial infections can smell much worse.
Use an ear cleaner with a neutral or slightly acidic pH value, as fungi do not thrive in an acidic environment. Fill the ear with ear cleaner by squeezing the bottle and massaging the lower part of the ear for about a minute. Use cotton to wipe the earlobe and the outer part of the ear canal clean. Do not use cotton swabs! The cleanser will dissolve dirt and wax in the inner parts of the ear and it will gradually drain out. If you are unsure, ask your veterinarian or veterinarian to show you how to perform ear cleaning.